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The report highlights occupational safety and health (OSH) as an integral part of the promotion of the prevention of occupational diseases
International Labour Organization ILO/OIT – 2013
Occupational diseases cause huge suffering and loss in the world of work. While much progress has been made in addressing the challenges of occupational diseases, there is an urgent need to strengthen the capacity for their prevention in national OSHsystems.
With the collaborative effort of governments and employers’ and workers’ organizations, the fight against this hidden epidemic will have to feature prominently in new global and national agendas for safety and health.
This report for the World Day for Safety and Health at Work outlines the current situation concerning occupational diseases and presents proposals for addressing this serious Decent Work deficit.
“….Occupational diseases case huge suffering and loss in the world of work. Yet, occupational or work-related diseases remain largely invisible in comparison to industrial accidents, even though they kill six times as many people each year.
Furthermore, the nature of occupational diseases is altering rapidly: technological and social changes, along with global economic conditions, are aggravating existing health hazards and creating new ones. Well-known occupational diseases, such as pneumoconioses, remain widespread, while relatively new occupational diseases, such as mental and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), are on the rise…..”
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Български: ПРЕВЕНЦИЯ НА ПРОФЕСИОНАЛНИТЕ БОЛЕСТИ
English: The Prevention of Occupational Diseases,
Español: La Prevención de las enfermedades profesionales
Français: La Prévention des maladies professionnelles
Italiano: La prevenzione delle malattie professionali
Русский: ПРОФИЛАКТИКА ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНЫХ 3АБОЛЕВАНИЙ
Report Content: http://bit.ly/13H3GaD
I. The hidden epidemic: A global picture
Emerging risks and new challenges
Musculoskeletal and mental disorders
The costs of occupational and work-related diseases
II. Assessing the need for better data
III. Steps for the prevention of occupational diseases
The role of employers and workers
IV. ILO action
V. The road ahead
What constitutes an occupational disease?
An occupational disease is a disease contracted as a result of an exposure to risk factors arising from work.
Recognition of the occupational origin of a disease, at the individual level, requires the establishment of a causal relationship between the disease and the exposure of the worker to certain hazardous agents at the workplace.
This relationship is normally established on the basis of clinical and pathological data, occupational history (anamnesis) and job analysis, identification and evaluation of occupational hazards as well as exposure verification. When a disease is clinically diagnosed and a causal link is established, the disease is then recognized as occupational…”